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Table 2 The efficiency of KD in patients with infantile spasms with prior use of different ASMs

From: A multicenter retrospective cohort study of ketogenic diet therapy in 481 children with infantile spasms

  No ASMs 1 drug 2 drugs 3 drugs ≥ 4 drugs
n(%) 25 (5.2) 55 (11.4) 158 (32.8) 157 (32.6) 86 (17.9)
1 month(a) 14 (56.0) 26 (47.3) 68 (43.0) 65 (41.4) 33 (38.4)
3 months(a) 12 (48.0) 23 (41.8) 85 (53.8) 89 (56.7) 41 (47.7)
6 months(a) 10 (40.0) 19 (34.5) 65 (41.1) 65 (41.4) 27 (31.4)
12 months(a) 7 (28.0) 12 (21.8) 46 (29.1) 43 (27.4) 14 (16.3)
  1. Note:ASMs anti-seizure medications; a: The response rate in the population with maintenance or reduced ASMs and more than 50% seizure reduction. Data are provided as n (%)