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Table 5 Comparison of knowledge on COVID-19 prevention and control measures between the two groups

From: Anxiety and depression among epilepsy patients in low-risk areas for COVID-19 in the northern part of Guizhou Province, China, during the COVID-19 pandemic

Question Always Often Occasionally Never Z P
  Epilepsy patients
n (%)
Healthy controls
n (%)
Epilepsy patients
n (%)
Healthy
controls
n (%)
Epilepsy patients
n (%)
Healthy
controls
n (%)
Epilepsy patients
n (%)
Healthy
controls
n (%)
  
Stay at home after the outbreak to prevent infection 160 (80) 172 (86.00) 37 (18.5) 21 (10.50) 1 (0.5) 5 (2.50) 2 (1.00) 2 (1.00) −1.467 0.142
Wear a mask when you go out 177 (88.5) 198 (99.00) 17 (8.5) 2 (1.00) 5 (2.5) 0 (0) 1 (0.5) 0 (0) −4.343 <0.001
Wash hands frequently 163 (81.5) 188 (94.00) 37 (18.5) 11 (5.50) 0 (0) 1 (0.50) 0 (0) 0 (0) −3.779 <0.001
When you have a fever, cough and other symptoms, you will see a doctor in time 158 (79) 184 (92.00) 27 (13.5) 12 (6.00) 10 (5) 4 (2.00) 5 (2.5) 0 (0) −3.742 <0.001
Monitor body temperature 83 (41.5) 145 (72.50) 79 (39.5) 35 (17.50) 31 (15.5) 19 (9.50) 7 (3.5) 1 (0.50) −5.963 <0.001
Open the window for ventilation to keep the air fresh 130 (65) 184 (92.00) 66 (33) 15 (7.50) 3 (1.5) 1 (0.50) 1 (0.5) 0 (0) −6.550 <0.001
Have a reasonable rest and do not stay up late 128 (64) 156 (78.00) 53 (26.5) 29 (14.50) 11 (5.5) 13 (6.50) 8 (4) 2 (1.00) −2.955 0.003
Proper exercise 101 (50.5) 147 (73.50) 65 (32.5) 26 (13.00) 31 (15.5) 25 (12.50) 3 (1.5) 2 (1.00) −4.174 <0.001
Home environment disinfection 73 (36.5) 123 (61.50) 88 (44) 43 (21.50) 33 (16.5) 30 (15.00) 6 (3) 4 (2.00) −4.113 <0.001
Reduce the environment of de-sealing and poor ventilation 129 (64.5) 177 (88.50) 37 (18.5) 20 (10.00) 12 (6.00) 3 (1.50) 22 (11) 0 (0) −5.973 <0.001
Reduce de-sealing and poor ventilation in the environment 136 (68) 181 (90.50) 32 (16) 15 (7.50) 10 (5) 3 (1.50) 22 (11) 1 (0.50) −5.752 <0.001
Avoid direct contact with public facilities that may be infected, such as elevator buttons, stair handrails, etc. 126 (63) 161 (80.50) 38 (19) 31 (15.50) 16 (8) 8 (4.00) 20 (10) 0 (0) −4.360 <0.001
Take the initiative to isolate after contact with high-risk groups 150 (75) 189 (94.50) 20 (10) 9 (4.50) 18 (9) 1 (0.50) 12 (6) 1 (0.50) −5.551 <0.001
Cover nose and mouth when coughing or spraying sneezing 151 (75.5) 188 (94.00) 37 (18.5) 12 (6.00) 8 (4) 0 (0) 4 (2) 0 (0) −5.228 <0.001
Keep warm and avoid catching cold 157 (78.5) 190 (95.00) 39 (19.5) 10 (5.00) 2 (1) 0 (0) 2 (1) 0 (0) −4.887 <0.001