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Table 5 Causes of KD withdrawal in 481 infantile spasm patients within 12 months

From: A multicenter retrospective cohort study of ketogenic diet therapy in 481 children with infantile spasms

Reasons of withdrawal

n (%)

Reasons of withdrawal

n (%)

Ineffectiveness

96 (20.0)

Death

8 (1.7)

Loss of follow-up

47 (9.8)

Fever

7 (1.5)

Poor compliance

35 (7.3)

Recurrence of epilepsy

7 (1.5)

Adding drug therapy

14 (2.9)

Surgery

7 (1.5)

Change hospitals for treatment

6 (1.2)

Bronchitis

2 (0.4)

Effective attack control

11 (2.3)

Cold

2 (0.4)

Anorexia

22 (4.6)

Allergy

1 (0.2)

Gastrointestinal disdurbance

21 (4.4)

Constipation

1 (0.2)

Pneumonia

16 (3.3)

Kidney stones

1 (0.2)

Hypoimmunity

9 (1.9)

Others

9 (1.8)

Total (%)

322 (66.9)