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Table 5 Causes of KD withdrawal in 481 infantile spasm patients within 12 months

From: A multicenter retrospective cohort study of ketogenic diet therapy in 481 children with infantile spasms

Reasons of withdrawal n (%) Reasons of withdrawal n (%)
Ineffectiveness 96 (20.0) Death 8 (1.7)
Loss of follow-up 47 (9.8) Fever 7 (1.5)
Poor compliance 35 (7.3) Recurrence of epilepsy 7 (1.5)
Adding drug therapy 14 (2.9) Surgery 7 (1.5)
Change hospitals for treatment 6 (1.2) Bronchitis 2 (0.4)
Effective attack control 11 (2.3) Cold 2 (0.4)
Anorexia 22 (4.6) Allergy 1 (0.2)
Gastrointestinal disdurbance 21 (4.4) Constipation 1 (0.2)
Pneumonia 16 (3.3) Kidney stones 1 (0.2)
Hypoimmunity 9 (1.9) Others 9 (1.8)
Total (%) 322 (66.9)