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Table 1 Comparisons of demographic variables and scale scores by gender in patients with epilepsy and the healthy controls

From: Gender differences in prevalence and risk factors of sleep disturbances in patients with epilepsy

   Total    Men    Women  
  Epilepsy (N = 133) Control (N = 150) P value Epilepsy (n = 68) Control (n = 75) P value Epilepsy (n = 65) Control (n = 75) P value
Age(y) 30.2 ± 10.6 31.9 ± 8.5 0.158 29.5 ± 10.7 30.9 ± 8.5 0.397 31.0 ± 10.6 32.9 ± 8.5 0.253
BMI (kg/m2) 22.0 ± 3.2 20.3 ± 2.6 < 0.001 22.7 ± 3.4 21.0 ± 2.8 0.001 21.2 ± 2.9 19.6 ± 2.2 < 0.001
ISI 7.6 ± 5.8 4.2 ± 2.6 < 0.001 7.5 ± 5.7 4.9 ± 2.5 0.042 7.8 ± 6.0 3.5 ± 2.5 < 0.001
PSQI 5.2 ± 3.0 5.0 ± 1.8 0.785 4.9 ± 2.7 5.0 ± 1.8 0.309 5.6 ± 3.2 4.9 ± 1.9 0.519
BDI 10.5 ± 8.9 7.4 ± 5.3 0.010 10.7 ± 9.8 7.5 ± 5.6 0.149 10.2 ± 8.0 7.3 ± 5.0 0.034
BAI 30.2 ± 8.5 30.2 ± 6.2 0.261 29.8 ± 8.9 28.5 ± 5.4 0.787 30.6 ± 8.1 32.0 ± 6.5 0.079
  1. Data are presented as counts (%) or mean ± SD
  2. The p-Values are obtained from independent-sample t-test and Mann-Whitney U test
  3. BMI body mass index, ISI Insomnia Severity Index, PSQI Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, BDI Beck Depression Inventory, BAI The Beck Anxiety Inventory