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Table 3 Effect of various factors on seizure relapse after a remission in univariant analysis

From: The long-term prognosis and predictors of epilepsy: a retrospective study in 820 patients

Variables Relapse n = 184 Not relapse n = 319 P-value
Sex, male, n (%) 94 (51.1) 186 (58.3) 0.116
Age at seizure onset, years, median (IQR; range) 16 (11–25; 1–70) 15 (10–24; <  1 to 77) 0.298
Age at seizure onset, ≤12 years, n (%) 55 (29.9) 114 (35.7) 0.181
Seizure frequency at first arrival, ≥ 1 /month, n (%) 102 (55.4) 150 (47.0) 0.069
Family history of epilepsy or FS, n (%) 14 (7.6) 28 (8.8) 0.648
History of FS, n (%) 19 (10.3) 32 (10.0) 0.916
EEG results, n (%)    0.171
 Normal 50 (27.2) 112 (35.1)  
 Epileptiform abnormality 103 (56.0) 163 (51.1)  
 Not available 31 (16.8) 44 (13.8)  
MRI results    0.773
 Normal 110 (59.8) 183 (57.7)  
 Abnormal 63 (34.5) 110 (34.7)  
 Not available 11 (6.0) 24 (7.6)  
Type of epilepsy, n (%)    0.113
 Idiopathic 28 (15.2) 73 (22.9)  
 Symptomatic 51 (27.7) 84 (26.3)  
 Cryptogenic 105 (57.1) 162 (50.8)  
  1. FS febrile convulsions