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Table 1 Demographic and clinical predictors of seizure remission in univariate analysis

From: The long-term prognosis and predictors of epilepsy: a retrospective study in 820 patients

Variables 1- year remission 2 - year remission
Yes n = 503 No n = 317 P-value Yes n = 330 No n = 339 P-value
Sex, male, n (%) 280 (55.7) 163 (51.4) 0.235 187 (56.3) 177 (52.2) 0.281
Age at seizure onset, years, median (IQR; range) 15 (10–24; <  1 to 77) 16 (10–25; <  1 to 70) 0.972 15 (10 - 22; <  1 to 70) 16 (10–25; <  1 to 70) 0.465
Age at seizure onset, ≤ 12 years, n (%) 168 (33.6) 113 (35.6) 0.548 111 (33.6) 116 (34.2) 0.874
Seizure frequency, ≥ 1 /month, n (%) 252 (50.1) 233 (73.5) <  0.001 158 (47.9) 244 (72.0) <  0.001
Number of AEDs at first arrival, n (%)    <  0.001    <  0.001
 0 193 (38.4) 69 (21.8)   138 (41.8) 84 (24.8)  
 1 200 (39.8) 123 (38.8)   122 (37.0) 137 (40.4)  
  ≥ 2 110 (21.9) 125 (39.4)   70 (21.2) 118 (34.8)  
Family history of epilepsy or FS, n (%) 42 (8.3) 26 (8.2) 0.940 28 (8.5) 21 (6.2) 0.256
History of FS, n (%) 51 (10.1) 34 (10.7) 0.789 29 (8.8) 38 (11.2) 0.297
EEG results, n (%)    <  0.001    0.002
 Normal 162 (32.2) 51 (16.1)   103 (31.2) 66 (19.5)  
 Epileptiform abnormality 266 (52.9) 204 (64.4)   176 (53.3) 208 (61.4)  
 Not done 75 (14.9) 62 (19.6)   51 (15.5) 65 (19.2)  
MRI results, n (%)    <  0.001    <  0.001
 Normal 293 (58.3) 122 (38.5)   201 (60.9) 144 (42.5)  
 Abnormal 173 (34.4) 170 (53.6)   105 (31.8) 169 (49.9)  
 Not done 37 (7.4) 25 (7.9)   24 (7.3) 26 (7.7)  
Type of epilepsy, n (%)    <  0.001    <  0.001
 Idiopathic 101 (20.1) 24 (7.6)   71 (21.5) 28 (8.3)  
 Symptomatic 135 (26.8) 159 (50.2)   86 (26.1) 148 (43.7)  
 Cryptogenic 267 (53.1) 134 (42.3)   173 (52.4) 163 (48.1)  
  1. FS febrile convulsions