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Table 1 Overview of dietary therapy for epilepsy prescription types

From: Practical considerations of dietary therapies for epilepsy in adults

Diet type Overview Composition
Classical ketogenic diet Prescribed as a fixed ratio of grams of fat:non-fat e.g. 4:1 or 3:1.
All food and fluids must be weighed/measured and provided in the set ratio.
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Modified ketogenic diet Prescribed as a daily dietary macronutrient distribution.
Uses household measures and smartphone applications for monitoring of dietary intake targets.
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Modified Atkins® diet Carbohydrate intake is limited to <30g per day.
Liberal intake of protein, and fats are encouraged.
Uses household measures and smartphone applications to monitor daily carbohydrate intake.
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Low Glycaemic Index Diet Carbohydrate intake is limited to 50g per day with the glycaemic index of <50.
Liberal intake of protein, and fats are encouraged.
Uses household measures and smartphone applications to monitor daily carbohydrate intake
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Medium Chain Triglyceride (MCT) supplements Used in conjunction with other dietary therapy regimens to improve ketosis, treatment response and/or allow increased protein and/or carbohydrate provision.
Provided at up to 30% of total caloric intake.
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